Category Archives: Non classé

“PPPs, the road to the SDGs?”, a book for the PPP practitioners

06 Sep 20
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I have written “PPPs , the road to the SDGs?”  to fill a gap in the existing PPP literature. On the one hand, quite a few theoretical or academic books on PPPs are available. They provide a general view on the purpose and the mechanics that drive PPPs and as such represent a must-read for all those that are looking for a general introduction to PPPs.  On the other hand, a wealth of articles and case studies describe successes (more often than failures) of PPP projects.

What is largely missing is how you go from the principles of PPPs to the completed project. In other words, what are the challenges and difficulties that the PPP practitioner has to cope with and should overcome to succeed? As we all know, PPPs are complicated, and if there existed somewhere a cemetery of the good PPP ideas that never came to fruition, this place would be more crowded that the world of the living projects. Considering the difficulties of PPPs, the places where PPP practitioners can share experience and gain real life useful advice are surprisingly few. This is by the way the background that led to the creation of the World Association of PPP Units and PPP practitioners (WAPPP); another avenue for a developing country PPP Unit is to take advantage of technical assistance projects or capacity building plans which are mostly funded by donors. The limitation to these programs is that they take time to get implemented and their schedule does not necessarily coincide with the immediate issues a PPP Unit is faced with. The end result of all these is that it is difficult for a PPP unit officer or a policy-maker to get immediate responses to very concrete issues arising from the will to undertake the design and rolling-out of a PPP program.

“PPPs, the road to the SDGs?” is an attempt to fill this gap. I have tried in this book to put on paper my experience as a PPP adviser to PPP units that extends over several continents and many years.  By nature, this is not a handbook with a systematic approach; it is also not a collection of case studies. It is rather largely based in a pragmatic way on collected essays and reports that were written at the request of clients and beneficiaries to address their immediate needs. It contains general considerations and contributions, sector issues as well as practical description of a range of tools that are central to the everyday life of a PPP unit. This variety of contributions can be of interest not only to PPP units management and staff, but also to public officials, and more broadly to a wider audience interested in PPPs, such as corporations willing to better understand the reasoning behind the PPP units decisions, NGOs that need to assess PPP projects, journalists and the general public. To my knowledge this type of insider material is practically never made public.

Geoffrey Hamilton , head of PPP program at UNECE,  said in his foreword to the book that “I sincerely  hope this work […] will help its readers  to implement more and better PPP projects that will serve the interests of those most at needs.”  Somewhat similarly, Ziad Hayek, President of WAPPP, asserts that “I am convinced that this book will add a significant contribution to our shared efforts in promoting and developing successful PPPs”.

The paradox is that the countries that most require PPPs in view of  their infrastructure deficit and scarcity of public capital, are also the countries  where the challenges to successful PPPs are the most difficult to overcome. The international community should scale up its effort, not necessarily with more money but with more experience sharing, practical capacity building and mutual support. The book is intended to support these efforts with a true and honest approach that manages expectations and provides guidance all along the way of the project cycle.

Book available at


Newsletter N°8

05 Aug 20
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Our newsletter is published!

You can read it here: 4IP Group_News bulletin No 8_Jan-July 2020_Clean

4IP Newsletter

22 Jun 20
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Download our 2020 Newsletter:     4IP Group_News bulletin No 7_July-Dec 2019_v1

Health PPPs and pandemic

07 Jun 20
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Health PPPs and Pandemic By Thibaut Mourgues, Member Executive Committee, #WAPPP and Managing Partner at 4IP Infrastructure and Impact Investing
In a time of emergency such as what we are all currently experiencing, many people tend to believe that Public Private Partnerships (#PPPs) are not the most suitable tool to contribute to the fight against a #pandemic. The reason is that PPPs in the meaning of the World Bank usually refer to #infrastructureprojects that require years of #planning#design and #construction before providing any operational support. Could they be wrong? Could PPPs be effective also in time of #crisis?
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Health PPPs and Pandemic

4IP involved in UNECE Impact assessment tool development

07 Jun 20
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Building back stronger: UNECE mobilizes experts, incl. 4IP Infrastructure and Impact Investing two Managing Partner and two members of our #InfrastructureImpactFund‘s #Advisory committee, to better #evaluate #resilience of #infrastructure & #‎publicservices.
UNECE’s work to develop an #evaluationmethodology to #score #infrastructureprojects against #SDGs. At a virtual meeting on 23 March 2020, the UNECE Project Team, established in January 2020, unanimously agreed to integrate most robust #resiliencecriteria into the #Peoplefirst #ProjectImpactAssessmentTool that is being developed.

This new UNECE tool will make it possible to #evaluate & #test the #quality of infrastructure & public services incl #PPPs.
The UNECE-led Project Team consists of over 100 experts, incl. Thibaut Mourgues & Christian Kingombe . They work in 5 sub-teams to define #benchmarks or #evaluationcriteria and a #scoringsystem for #Peoplefirstoutcomes. These are:
1. access & equity
2. #economiceffectiveness
3. environmental sustainability and resilience
4. replicability
5. stakeholder engagement.

Impact investing in Zambia: 4IP contribution

07 Jun 20
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#IIXChapterLusaka, founded by 4IP Infrastructure and Impact Investing Managing Partner Christian Kingombe, is a key part of the The Global Steering Group for Impact Investment (GSG) National Advisory Board for Impact Investing secretariat driving #Zambia‘s recent recognition as #ChampionGSGII NABII National Advisory Board.

Spotlight on #Zambia

Now more than ever, #impactinvesting is needed as a critical #riskmitigation strategy, helping to build more #resilient and healthy communities through the lens of #risk#return, and #impact. IIX’s Chapters around the world are doing precisely that, helping countries like #Zambia prepare to weather the global crisis.
Impact Investment Exchange (IIX) Chapters are spearheaded by #graduates of IIX Impact Institute, where leaders are equipped to #transformfinance by embracing, #measuring, and #innovating solutions to #risk.

PPP Planning in post-Covid 19 world

07 Jun 20
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In this WAPPP, APMG hosted webinar, panelists discuss the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on PPP projects and programs, how to deal with its repercussions, offer lessons learned, and share opportunities that might come out of the pandemic I had the pleasure and honour to be one of the panelists; I tried to explore the fall-out of the crisis on PPPs at various time horizons, considering the turnng point that we are facing.

This presentation was a collaboration between
#WAPPP World Association of PPP Units and APMG. Over 180 participants followed the session.

The presenters were :

David Baxter, International Development Consultant, PPP Navigator
Marc Frilet, Concession and PPP Expert, Frilet Société d’Avocats
Natalia Korchakova-Heeb, Managing Director, SDG.17 Consulting GmbH
Thibaut Mourgues, Co-Founder and Managing Partner, 4IP Group Sàrl/LLC
Naresh Bana, F.I.E., M.I.M.A., M.I.P.W.E. Bana, Chair of WAPPP Editorial Board
Michael Dallas : Director APM Group (Host)

To access the slides and recording of the webinar, follow this link.:

Zambia Joins the Global Steering Group for Impact Investment network

22 Nov 19
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By Haggai Chomba, 22nd November 2019

The Global Steering Group for Impact Investment (GSG) formally announced the launch of a National Advisory Board for Impact Investment (NABII) in Zambia during the 2019 GSG Impact Summit held in Buenos Aires, Argentina from 18-19 November, 2019. The formation of the NABII is a critical step in the development of impact investment in Zambia.

 The NABII Zambia initially started as a Taskforce launched in December, 2018 comprising of highly technical and qualified eminent individuals accomplished in their own rights emanating from the five pillars1 of the impact investment ecosystem namely: Supply, Demand, Intermediary, Market enabler, and Policy & regulation. Since the launch, the Zambia GSG Taskforce has been working through the membership process of the GSG for almost a year now until this week’s on-boarding to the GSG network thereby becoming a NABII.

The launch of the NABII in Zambia comes at critical time when the country needs more impact capital to achieve the 2030 SDGs and finance its Seven National Development Plan (7NDP). The Africa 2030 plan for reaching the SDG requires a minimum financing of USD 500 billion annually (SDGC Africa, 2019). When extrapolating research data from SDG Centre for Africa, Zambia needs to increase the level of investments in its impact sectors five-fold to USD 5 billion per year in order to achieve the SDGs by 2030. This corresponds to 1000 new investments per year when applying the average historical deal size. This illustrates the significant interventions required within the Zambian Impact investment ecosystem.

The NABII Zambia strategic direction will be governed by the single ultimate objective of ensuring a continued and sustained impact investment that recognises a return to capital while creating both social and environment benefits. The NABII Zambia will be focussing on removing impact investment ecosystem constraints through deepening impact investment awareness, institutional capacity building and improving the quality of the pipeline of impact investment projects in order to support the creation of a private sector driven impact economy in Zambia.

Zambia becomes the second country in Africa to successfully join the GSG network for impact investment. Undoubtedly, this adds momentum to the growth of impact investment in the Africa and will be a powerful force for addressing impact investment challenges identified in the country’s ecosystem context study report. Joining the GSG will not only give impact movement in Zambia international credibility but also allow the country to learn from international impact investment best practices.

About the National Advisory Board for Impact Investment Zambia

The NABII Zambia is an independent, influential private cross-sector driven coalition dedicated to driving more capital to improve lives and the environment. The NABII is a vanguard for impact investment and serves as a platform for connecting vehicles between local and global actors focused on directing private capital to public purpose. NABII’s mission is to mobilise stakeholders and resources to support the creation of a private sector driven impact economy in Zambiia.

About the Global Steering Group for Impact Investment

The GSG is an independent, multisectoral global entity catalysing impact investment and entrepreneurship to benefit people and the planet. It is present in 33 countries and the EU through National Advisory Boards (NABs) that bring together leaders from the worlds of finance, business and philanthropy to drive the adoption of measurable impact in all investment and business decision-making.

WTO Public Forum 2019

16 Oct 19
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Christian Kingombe, 4IP Group Managing Partner, was a panellist at the WTO Public Forum 2019 Session 24 on Wednesday the 9th of October 2019 entitled:

Services: A key enabler for agriculture trade

co-organized by Center for Socioeconomic Development (CSEND) and
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

This working session  explored linkages between services and agriculture, and the role WTO rules can play for the promotion of SDG2 (“ending hunger”). Discussion  focused on the role of services for sustainable growth in agriculture productivity and value addition, especially in poor developing countries, small farmers and women operators in national, regional and global marketplaces.
During the session, the panellists explored which services are important at all stages of the food value chain, from the credit farmers need to invest in inputs, through to risk management, processing and distribution of finished goods. It  also included case studies and examples from poor developing countries, on how various services enhance their agriculture sector, particularly for value-addition and export markets. Dr.Kingombe especially focused his presentation on Transport and Logistics Services within both SADC and the AfCFTA.

4IP Group supports Timor-Leste

07 Oct 19
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Thibaut Mourgues, 4IP Managing Partner, completed in September a study about infrastructure prioritisation in Timor-Leste. This assignment funded by European Union identified the main areas where Timor-Leste is lagging with regards to the Sustainable Development Goals and proposed an infrastructure prioritization framework.  Timor-Leste has benefited in the recent years of oil revenues that have allowed for partial reconstruction after independence in 2002 but with the depletion of the existing fields, the current Government is feeling the need to make sure public investment is optimized and geared toward economic and social development.  High moment of the field work was a meeting with the Prime Minister, Taur Matan Ruak, together with EU Ambassador Alexandre Leitao.